Phytochemical compounds of Achillea tenuifolia Lam Essential oil in Zanjan province natural habitats

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

Assistant Professor, Research Institute of Modern Biological Techniques, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

چکیده

Achillea tenuifolia  is one of the benefit medicinal plants that belong to  Astraceae family have been used in traditional medicine because of their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties in the treatment of diseases, inflammation, tenderness, gastrointestinal problems, hypotension and gallbladder failure, and in new medicine in the manufacture of ointments and creams. The aim of this reserch was determining of the Achillea tenuifolia  essential oils composiation that was growned in zanjan mountains counditions.Then air dried parts of flowers and leaves (50 gr) at room conditions subjected to hydrodistillation for 3h using a Clevenger apparatus and produced essential oil analyzed by GC/MS. Results showed, Twenty compounds representing 54.37% of Achillea tenuifolia essential oil were identified. Their major components that obtained from essential oil constituents were identified as:  (+)-2-Bornanone (12.36%), Camphor (6.78%), Eucalyptol(1,8-Cineole) (5.24%), 3-Carene(5.35%), Borneol (3.12%), Camphene (2.45%), Gamma.-Terpinene(1.7%), and Geranyl acetate (2.18%) and 4-Carene(0.53%). Based on our knowledge this is the first report of Zanjan Achillea tenuifolia.